AP Psychology Homework
Neuroscience (Part I)
- A single nerve cell. The basic building block of the nervous system.
- A neurotransmitter that is involved in muscle contraction and
Alzheimer’s Disease. ______________________
- This is the destruction of neural brain tissue. ________________
- A technique that uses magnetic fields and radio waves to produce
computer-generated images that distinguish among different types of tissue
in the brain. It allows us to see specific structures within the brain.
- A nerve network in the brain that controls arousal. (It wakes you up when
your alarm goes off and alerts you when Diane says your name in class).
- This is the system in your brain that includes the hypothalamus,
hippocampus, and amygdala. It is considered to be the "seat of
emotion" in the brain. ______________ _________________
- A simple, automatic, inborn response to a sensory stimulus, such as the
knee-jerk response. __________________
- The tree-like extensions of a neuron that receive messages and conduct
those impulses to the cell body. ____________________
- A brief electrical charge that travels down the axon. This is triggered by
the movement of positively charged atoms in and out of channels in the
axon’s membrane. When this happens, the neuron is depolarized.
- This is the part of the nervous system that controls the body’s skeletal
muscles. It is also called the skeletal nervous system. __________________
- The division of the autonomic nervous system that calms you down and thus,
conserves energy. __________________ nervous system.
- The brain and the spinal cord make up this part of the nervous system.
______________ nervous system.
- A series of X-ray photographs that show us a "slice" of the
brain. ____________ ______________
- The area in the frontal lobe, usually in the left hemisphere, that directs
the muscle movements necessary for speech. __________________ area
- The set of glands that secrete hormones into the blood system.
- Natural morphine-like neurotransmitters that are linked to pain control
and pleasure. _____________________
- A layer of fatty tissue that encases some axons. It speeds up neural
- Neurons that carry information from the senses (eyes, ears, etc.) to the
central nervous system. _________________ neurons.
- The brains capacity to reorganize itself. This is most apparent when it
comes to the brains of children who have experiences some form of brain
- This is he gland that control growth and also controls other endocrine
glands. It is the master gland. ____________________ gland.