AP Psychology Homework
Neuroscience (Part I)

Code ___________________________

  1. A single nerve cell. The basic building block of the nervous system. ______________

  2. A neurotransmitter that is involved in muscle contraction and Alzheimer’s Disease. ______________________

  3. This is the destruction of neural brain tissue. ________________

  4. A technique that uses magnetic fields and radio waves to produce computer-generated images that distinguish among different types of tissue in the brain. It allows us to see specific structures within the brain. __________________

  5. A nerve network in the brain that controls arousal. (It wakes you up when your alarm goes off and alerts you when Diane says your name in class). _______________ ___________________

  6. This is the system in your brain that includes the hypothalamus, hippocampus, and amygdala. It is considered to be the "seat of emotion" in the brain. ______________ _________________

  7. A simple, automatic, inborn response to a sensory stimulus, such as the knee-jerk response. __________________

  8. The tree-like extensions of a neuron that receive messages and conduct those impulses to the cell body. ____________________

  9. A brief electrical charge that travels down the axon. This is triggered by the movement of positively charged atoms in and out of channels in the axon’s membrane. When this happens, the neuron is depolarized. ______________ ____________

  10. This is the part of the nervous system that controls the body’s skeletal muscles. It is also called the skeletal nervous system. __________________ nervous system.

  11. The division of the autonomic nervous system that calms you down and thus, conserves energy. __________________ nervous system.

  12. The brain and the spinal cord make up this part of the nervous system. ______________ nervous system.

  13. A series of X-ray photographs that show us a "slice" of the brain. ____________ ______________

  14. The area in the frontal lobe, usually in the left hemisphere, that directs the muscle movements necessary for speech. __________________ area

  15. The set of glands that secrete hormones into the blood system. _______________ system.

  16. Natural morphine-like neurotransmitters that are linked to pain control and pleasure. _____________________

  17. A layer of fatty tissue that encases some axons. It speeds up neural transmission. __________________

  18. Neurons that carry information from the senses (eyes, ears, etc.) to the central nervous system. _________________ neurons.

  19. The brains capacity to reorganize itself. This is most apparent when it comes to the brains of children who have experiences some form of brain damage. __________________

  20. This is he gland that control growth and also controls other endocrine glands. It is the master gland. ____________________ gland.

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