AP Psychology Homework
Neuroscience (Part II)

Code: ______________________

  1. These are the glands just above the kidneys. They secrete epinephrine and norepinephrine, which help to arouse the body and brain. _______________ glands

  2. The chemical messengers of the body that are produced in the glands of the body. They affect other glands. __________________

  3. The part of the cerebral cortex primarily involved in audition. _______________ lobes.

  4. The large band of neural fibers that connect the right and left hemispheres of the brain. This is what is severed in "split-brain" studies. ________________ __________________

  5. This is the part of the brainstem that controls breathing, heart rate, respiration, blood pressure etc. ____________________

  6. This is a general term for impairment in language. It is usually caused by damage to the left hemisphere of the brain. __________________

  7. The brainís sensory "switchboard" or "relay station". It takes in all sensory info and transmits it to the correct parts of the brain. _____________________

  8. The almond-shaped part of the limbic system that seems to be involved in anger and fear. _________________

  9. The junction (space) between two neurons. __________________

  10. The minimum level of stimulation required to trigger a neural impulse (action potential). _______________________

  11. The (typically) long extensions that send info from one neuron to another. At the end of the extentions, one finds terminal buttons that release neurotransmitters. _____________________

  12. The part of the peripheral nervous system that controls the glands and the muscles of the internal organs. It is composed of the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems. _____________________ nervous system

  13. The part of the cerebral cortex responsible for visual perception. _____________ lobe

  14. A visual way to assess how much glucose is being used in different parts of the brain while a subject engages in various tasks. __________________ scan

  15. This is the oldest part of the brain (often called the "reptilian brain"). It begins where the spinal cord swells as it enters the skull. It includes the medulla and reticular formation. _______________

  16. The part of the autonomic nervous system that arouses the body and mind. It energizes the body in stressful situations and is responsible for the "fight or flight" response. _______________________ nervous system.

  17. Neurons in the spinal cord that connect afferent and efferent neurons. They are very important in reflexes. _______________________

  18. The neurons that carry outgoing information from the central nervous system to the muscles and glands. ___________________________

  19. The lobes of the cortex that are primarily involved in our sense of touch. The sensory cortex is located here. __________________ lobes.

  20. The part of the nervous system that is not made up of the central nervous system. It is made up of the nerves that connect the central nervous system to the rest of the body. ______________________

  21. Chemical messengers that cross the synaptic gap. When released, they bind to receptor sites on the receiving neuron and create action potential. ________________________

  22. The lobes of the brain responsible for judgment, speaking, muscle movement, and personality. __________________ lobes.

  23. Drugs that mimic the effects of neurotransmitters. __________________

  24. The "little brain" that is attached to the brainstem. It is involved in voluntary movement, balance, and implicit memory. __________________

  25. The part of the limbic system involved in eating, drinking, and sexual behavior. _____________________

  26. This is the intricate quilt of "grey matter" that covers the brain. It is what makes us "thinking beings". ____________________ cortex

  27. This part of the left hemisphere allows us to understand language. ______________ area

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