AP Psychology Homework
Neuroscience (Part II)
- These are the glands just above the kidneys. They secrete epinephrine and
norepinephrine, which help to arouse the body and brain. _______________
- The chemical messengers of the body that are produced in the glands of the
body. They affect other glands. __________________
- The part of the cerebral cortex primarily involved in audition.
- The large band of neural fibers that connect the right and left
hemispheres of the brain. This is what is severed in "split-brain"
studies. ________________ __________________
- This is the part of the brainstem that controls breathing, heart rate,
respiration, blood pressure etc. ____________________
- This is a general term for impairment in language. It is usually caused by
damage to the left hemisphere of the brain. __________________
- The brainís sensory "switchboard" or "relay
station". It takes in all sensory info and transmits it to the correct
parts of the brain. _____________________
- The almond-shaped part of the limbic system that seems to be involved in
anger and fear. _________________
- The junction (space) between two neurons. __________________
- The minimum level of stimulation required to trigger a neural impulse
(action potential). _______________________
- The (typically) long extensions that send info from one neuron to another.
At the end of the extentions, one finds terminal buttons that release
- The part of the peripheral nervous system that controls the glands and the
muscles of the internal organs. It is composed of the sympathetic and
parasympathetic nervous systems. _____________________ nervous system
- The part of the cerebral cortex responsible for visual perception.
- A visual way to assess how much glucose is being used in different parts
of the brain while a subject engages in various tasks. __________________
- This is the oldest part of the brain (often called the "reptilian
brain"). It begins where the spinal cord swells as it enters the skull.
It includes the medulla and reticular formation. _______________
- The part of the autonomic nervous system that arouses the body and mind.
It energizes the body in stressful situations and is responsible for the
"fight or flight" response. _______________________ nervous
- Neurons in the spinal cord that connect afferent and efferent neurons.
They are very important in reflexes. _______________________
- The neurons that carry outgoing information from the central
nervous system to the muscles and glands. ___________________________
- The lobes of the cortex that are primarily involved in our sense of touch.
The sensory cortex is located here. __________________ lobes.
- The part of the nervous system that is not made up of the central nervous
system. It is made up of the nerves that connect the central nervous system
to the rest of the body. ______________________
- Chemical messengers that cross the synaptic gap. When released, they bind
to receptor sites on the receiving neuron and create action potential.
- The lobes of the brain responsible for judgment, speaking, muscle
movement, and personality. __________________ lobes.
- Drugs that mimic the effects of neurotransmitters. __________________
- The "little brain" that is attached to the brainstem. It is
involved in voluntary movement, balance, and implicit memory.
- The part of the limbic system involved in eating, drinking, and sexual
- This is the intricate quilt of "grey matter" that covers the
brain. It is what makes us "thinking beings". ____________________
- This part of the left hemisphere allows us to understand language.