History of Psychology
in the blank
1. The principle that inherited traits that contribute to
reproduction and survival will be most likely to be passed on to
succeeding generations. ______________ ______________.
2. The psychological perspective that focuses on how the body
and brain create emotions, memories, and sensory experiences.
3. The psychological perspective that focuses on how we encode,
process, store, and retrieve information. _________________________
4. The type of scientific research that aims to solve practical
problems. ______________ research
5. The type of research that is "pure science". It is only
aimed at increasing the scientific knowledge base.
6. The early
school of psychology that used "introspection" to study the elemental
components of the human mind.
Wundt and Titchner were proponents of this school.
7. The early
school of psychology that focused on how mental and behavioral processes
help organisms adapt,
survive, and flourish. William James headed this group.
8. The school
of psychology that has the motto: "The whole is greater than the sum of
its parts", and focuses much
of its work in the field of perception. _____________________
9. The psychological perspective that focuses on how behavior
and thinking vary across situations and cultures.
10. The psychological perspective that focuses
on "learning", but only
in terms of how observable behavior is
influenced by contingencies in the environment. ______________________________
11. The long-standing controversy over the relative contributions
that genes and experience make to the development of psychological
traits and behaviors. ___________________ vs __________________.
12. The science of behavior and mental processes.
13 The psychological perspective that focuses on how our genes, and
our environment influence individual differences. __________________
14. The branch of medicine that deals with psychological disorders.
It is practiced by physicians who sometimes provide
as well as psychological therapy. _______________________
15. The branch of psychology that studies, assesses, and treats people
with psychological problems.
16. The psychological perspective that focuses on how nature selects
traits that promote the perpetuation of one's genes.
17. The psychological approach that examines how behavior springs from
unconscious drives and conflicts. ________________________ theory
The “Big Issue” in psychology that asks, “do our individual traits
persist as we age or are our personality traits fairly
time”. __________________ vs _______________