AP Psychology Homework
Personality (Part I)
- According to Freud, a "seething cauldron" of mostly unacceptable
unconscious thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories. _______________________
- A readiness to perceive oneself favorably. _____________ -
- Defense mechanism that offers self-justifying explanations
in place of the real, more threatening, unconscious reasons for oneís
- The interacting influences between personality,
environmental factors, and behavior described by Bandura.
- The reservoir of unconscious psychic energy that strives to
satisfy basic sexual drives. __________________
- According to Maslow, the ultimate psychological need that
arises after basic physical and psychological needs are met and self-esteem
is achieved; the motivation to fulfill oneís potential.
____________________ - ____________________________
- Defense mechanism by which people disguise their own
threatening impulses by attributing them to others.
- The most widely researched and clinically used of all
personality tests. It was originally developed to identify emotional
- Defense mechanism by which by which the ego unconsciously
switches unacceptable impulses into their opposites.
- An individualís characteristic pattern of thinking,
feeling, and acting. _______________________
- The most widely used projective test. It consists of a set
of 10 inkblots. ____________________
- According to Freud, a boyís sexual desires toward his
mother and feelings of jealousy and hatred for his rival father.
- A characteristic pattern of behavior or a disposition to
feel and act, as assessed by self-report inventories.
- The childhood stages of development (oral, anal, phallic,
latency, and genital) during which the idís pleasure-seeking energies
focus on distinct erogenous zones. _____________________________
- A defense mechanism in which an individual faced with
anxiety retreats to a more infantile psychosexual stage.
- The hopelessness and passive resignation an animal or human
learns when unable to avoid repeated aversive events.
- The part of the personality that, according to Freud,
represents internalized ideals and provides standards for judgment (the
conscience) and for future aspirations. _____________________
- A defense mechanism that shifts sexual or aggressive
impulses toward a more acceptable or less threatening object or person.