AP Psychology Homework

Code: _____________________

  1. A mental image of the "best" example of a category. ____________________________

  2. The inability to see a problem from a new perspective. ___________________________

  3. Estimating the likelihood of an event based on its availability in memory. ___________________ heuristic.

  4. An early speech stage in which the child speaks like a telegram (e.g., "play puppy") using mostly nouns and verbs and omitting "auxiliary" words. ________________________ speech

  5. A system of rules in a language that enables us to communicate with and understand others. __________________________

  6. A tendency to search for information that confirms one’s preconceptions. __________________________ ________________

  7. The mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, and remembering. __________________

  8. The set of rules by which we derive meaning from morphemes, words, and sentences in a given language. _________________________

  9. The way an issue (or question) is posed. This can significantly affect decisions and judgements. (This is similar to the "wording effect"). _________________________

  10. In spoken language, the smallest distinctive sound unit. _______________________

  11. The tendency to view objects only in terms of their usual functions. ____________________ _____________________

  12. Beginning at about 3 – 4 months, the stage of speech development in which the infant spontaneously utters various sounds. In the beginning, these sounds are unrelated to the household language. _________________________ stage

  13. Clinging to one’s initial conception or opinion regarding an issue even after the basis on which they were formed has been discredited. _______________________ ___________________________

  14. A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people. ______________________

  15. A sudden and often novel realization of the solution to a problem. ____________________

  16. The tendency for one’s preexisting beliefs to distort logical reasoning. ________________ _______________

  17. The rules for combining words into grammatically sensible sentences. ________________

  18. A rule of thumb for judging the likelihood of things in terms of how well they seem to represent, or match, particular prototypes. _______________________________ heuristic.

  19. A methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solving a particular problem. _________________________

  20. In language, the smallest unit of speech that carries meaning. It may be a word or part of a word. ________________________

  21. A "rule of thumb" strategy that often allows us to make judgments and solve problems efficiently (but not necessarily error-free). _________________________

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