AP Psychology Homework
Memory

Code: __________________________

  1. The conscious repetition of information, either to maintain it in consciousness or to encode it for storage. __________________________

  2. Mental pictures; a powerful aid to effortful processing, especially when combined with semantic encoding. ______________________

  3. Memory that is retained without conscious effort; it is also called non-declarative memory. It mainly involves skills and dispositions. _____________________ ______________________

  4. The tendency to recall experiences that are consistent with oneís current "good" or "bad" mood. ________________ - __________________ _______________

  5. The activation, often unconsciously, of particular associations in memory (e.g., spelling the word "hair" as "hare" after viewing a picture of a rabbit). __________________________

  6. The tendency for distributed study or practice to yield better long-term retention than is achieved through massed study or practice. ______________________ ____________________

  7. The memory also referred to as declarative. It requires effortful processing and consists of episodic and semantic memory. _________________________ __________________________

  8. The process of getting information out of memory storage. _________________

  9. A momentary sensory memory of visual stimuli; a photographic memory lasting no more than a few tenths of a second. _____________________ ____________________

  10. The loss of memory. _______________________

  11. The loss of information from memory simply due to the passage of time. (This is not in the text, but it should be in your notes.) ____________________

  12. The encoding of meaning, including the meaning of words. ________________ ________________

  13. A neural center located in the limbic system that helps process explicit memories for storage. ___________________________

  14. The prolonged strengthening of a neuronís potential firing. It suggests that there is a neural basis for learning and memory. _______________ - ____________ ________________________

  15. The processing of information INTO the memory system. __________________

  16. The disruptive effect of PRIOR learning on the recall of NEW information. (Cross your fingers) ________________________ _______________________

  17. Attributing the wrong "source" to an event that we heard about, read about, or imagined. It is at the heart of many false memories. _______________________ ____________________

  18. Incorporating misleading information into oneís memory of an event. _____________________________ ____________________

  19. Organizing items into familiar, manageable units in order to facilitate memory. ______________________

  20. A measure of memory in which the person must retrieve information learned earlier; as on a homework assignment like this!! __________________

  21. A measure of memory in which the person need only identify items previously learn; as on the multiple-choice section of the AP psychology exam. __________________________

  22. An incredibly clear, and often emotionally charged, memory of a significant moment or event. ______________________ ______________________

  23. The relatively permanent and limitless storehouse of memory storage._______________ - ________________ ___________________

  24. The immediate, initial, and very brief (i.e., less than 1/20th of a second) recording of sensory information in the memory system. _____________________ ____________________

  25. The encoding of sound, particularly the sound of words. __________________ _________________

  26. The brain region that seems to be responsible for retention of procedural memories (e.g., riding a bike, playing the guitar, etc.) ____________________________

  27. A general term for memory aids; especially those techniques that use vivid imagery and organizational devices. _________________________________

  28. Our active or "working" memory that holds a few (about 7) bits of information for a short period of time. After about 30 seconds, the information is forgotten. __________________ - ___________________ __________________

  29. Our tendency to recall the first and last items in a list best. __________________ ___________________ ______________________
 


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