AP Psychology Homework
- The conscious repetition of information, either to maintain it in
consciousness or to encode it for storage. __________________________
- Mental pictures; a powerful aid to effortful processing, especially when
combined with semantic encoding. ______________________
- Memory that is retained without conscious effort; it is also called non-declarative
memory. It mainly involves skills and dispositions.
- The tendency to recall experiences that are consistent with oneís
current "good" or "bad" mood. ________________ -
- The activation, often unconsciously, of particular associations in memory
(e.g., spelling the word "hair" as "hare" after viewing
a picture of a rabbit). __________________________
- The tendency for distributed study or practice to yield better long-term
retention than is achieved through massed study or practice.
- The memory also referred to as declarative. It requires effortful
processing and consists of episodic and semantic memory.
- The process of getting information out of memory storage.
- A momentary sensory memory of visual stimuli; a photographic memory
lasting no more than a few tenths of a second. _____________________
- The loss of memory. _______________________
- The loss of information from memory simply due to the passage of time.
(This is not in the text, but it should be in your notes.)
- The encoding of meaning, including the meaning of words. ________________
- A neural center located in the limbic system that helps process explicit
memories for storage. ___________________________
- The prolonged strengthening of a neuronís potential firing. It suggests
that there is a neural basis for learning and memory. _______________ -
- The processing of information INTO the memory system. __________________
- The disruptive effect of PRIOR learning on the recall of NEW information.
(Cross your fingers) ________________________ _______________________
- Attributing the wrong "source" to an event that we heard about,
read about, or imagined. It is at the heart of many false memories.
- Incorporating misleading information into oneís memory of an event.
- Organizing items into familiar, manageable units in order to facilitate
- A measure of memory in which the person must retrieve information learned
earlier; as on a homework assignment like this!! __________________
- A measure of memory in which the person need only identify items
previously learn; as on the multiple-choice section of the AP psychology
- An incredibly clear, and often emotionally charged, memory of a
significant moment or event. ______________________ ______________________
- The relatively permanent and limitless storehouse of memory
storage._______________ - ________________ ___________________
- The immediate, initial, and very brief (i.e., less than 1/20th
of a second) recording of sensory information in the memory system.
- The encoding of sound, particularly the sound of words. __________________
- The brain region that seems to be responsible for retention of procedural
memories (e.g., riding a bike, playing the guitar, etc.)
- A general term for memory aids; especially those techniques that use vivid
imagery and organizational devices. _________________________________
- Our active or "working" memory that holds a few (about 7) bits
of information for a short period of time. After about 30 seconds, the
information is forgotten. __________________ - ___________________
- Our tendency to recall the first and last items in a list best.
__________________ ___________________ ______________________